Low- and high-anxious hypermobile Ehlers–Danlos syndrome patients: comparison of psychosocial and health variables

Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Caroline Bourdon, Lucile Montalescot, Cécile de Cazotte, Guillem Pailhez, Antonio Bulbena, Claude Hamonet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Despite the frequent co-ocurrence of hypermobile Ehler–Danlos syndrome (hEDS) and pathological anxiety, little is known about the psychosocial and health implications of such comorbidity. Our aim was to explore the association between high levels of anxiety and psychosocial (catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, somatosensory amplification, social support and functioning), health (pain, fatigue, BMI, tobacco/alcohol use, depression, diagnosis delay, general health), and sociodemographic factors in people with hEDS. In this cross-sectional study, 80 hEDS patients were divided into two groups according to self-reported anxiety levels: low and high. Psychosocial, sociodemographic and health variables were compared between the groups. Forty-one participants reported a high level of anxiety (51.2%). No differences were found in the sociodemographic variables between high-anxious and low-anxious patients. The percentage of participants with severe fatigue and high depressive symptomatology was significantly higher in the high-anxious group (80.5 vs 56.4; 26.8 vs 12.8%, respectively). High-anxious hEDS patients also showed significantly higher levels of pain catastrophizing, somatosensory amplification as well as a poorer social functioning and general health. Multivariate analyses showed that somatosensory amplification, pain catastrophizing and poor social functioning are variables that increase the probability of belonging to the high-anxious group. Despite limitations, this first study comparing high-anxious versus low-anxious hEDS patients with respect to health aspects, highlight the importance of considering the psychosocial factors (many susceptible to modification), to improve the adjustment to this chronic condition and provide support to those affected through a biopsychosocial approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-878
JournalRheumatology International
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Catastrophizing
  • Depression
  • Ehlers–Danlos syndrome
  • Fatigue
  • Joint hypermobility syndrome
  • Social functioning
  • Somatosensory amplification

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