Longitudinal analysis of cytokine gene expression and parasite load in PBMC in Leishmania infantum experimentally infected dogs

E. Sanchez-Robert, L. Altet, J. Alberola, A. Rodriguez-Cortés, A. Ojeda, L. López-Fuertes, M. Timon, A. Sanchez, O. Francino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is caused by Leishmania infantum, an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes a severe infectious disease. To evaluate the gene expression profile associated to CVL in vivo, we have measured monthly by real-time PCR over one year the IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IFN-γ, TGF-β and TNF-α mRNA levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in 6 experimentally infected dogs that exhibited different progressions of the illness. While in two dogs no parasite, or a very low number of parasites, was detected and the two dogs did not show any clinico-pathological abnormalities at the end of the study (L dogs), for the remaining dogs high parasite loads were detected and they developed clinical leishmaniasis (H dogs). The L dogs have null expression of both IL-4 and IL-13 for the first 4 months after the infection, whereas an early IL-4 and IL-13 expression occurs in this period of infection in most of the dogs that developed clinical leishmaniasis (H dogs). Furthermore, a higher IFN-γ expression was associated with the increase of parasite load and clinical status in these dogs. Moreover, the high variability of expression at the pre-infection stage causes us to reject the possibility that the basal levels of these cytokines indicate the prognosis of the subsequent response against infection. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume125
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Dog
  • Gene expression
  • Leishmania
  • Longitudinal
  • Real-time PCR

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