Long-term safety and efficacy of eculizumab in generalized myasthenia gravis

Srikanth Muppidi, Kimiaki Utsugisawa, Michael Benatar, Hiroyuki Murai, Richard J. Barohn, Isabel Illa, Saiju Jacob, John Vissing, Ted M. Burns, John T. Kissel, Richard J. Nowak, Henning Andersen, Carlos Casasnovas, Jan L. de Bleecker, Tuan H. Vu, Renato Mantegazza, Fanny L. O'Brien, Jing Jing Wang, Kenji P. Fujita, James F. HowardClaudio Gabriel Mazia, Miguel Wilken, Fabio Barroso, Juliet Saba, Marcelo Rugiero, Mariela Bettini, Marcelo Chaves, Gonzalo Vidal, Alejandra Dalila Garcia, Guy Van den Abeele, Kathy de Koning, Katrien De Mey, Rudy Mercelis, Délphine Mahieu, Linda Wagemaekers, Philip Van Damme, Annelies Depreitere, Caroline Schotte, Charlotte Smetcoren, Olivier Stevens, Sien Van Daele, Nicolas Vandenbussche, Annelies Vanhee, Sarah Verjans, Jan Vynckier, Ann D'Hondt, Petra Tilkin, Alzira Alves de Siqueira Carvalho, Igor Dias Brockhausen, David Feder, Daniel Ambrosio, Pamela César, Ana Paula Melo, Renata Martins Ribeiro, Rosana Rocha, Bruno Bezerra Rosa, Thabata Veiga, Luiz Augusto da Silva, Murilo Santos Engel, Jordana Gonçalves Geraldo, Maria da Penha Ananias Morita, Erica Nogueira Coelho, Gabriel Paiva, Marina Pozo, Natalia Prando, Debora Dada Martineli Torres, Cristiani Fernanda Butinhao, Gustavo Duran, Tamires Cristina Gomes da Silva, Luiz Otavio Maia Gonçalves, Lucas Eduardo Pazetto, Tomás Augusto Suriane Fialho, Luciana Renata Cubas Volpe, Luciana Souza Duca, Maurício André Gheller Friedrich, Alexandre Guerreiro, Henrique Mohr, Maurer Pereira Martins, Daiane da Cruz Pacheco, Luciana Ferreira, Ana Paula Macagnan, Graziela Pinto, Aline de Cassia Santos, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Ana Carolina Amaral Andrade, Marcelo Annes, Liene Duarte Silva, Valeria Cavalcante Lino, Wladimir Pinto, Natália Assis, Fernanda Carrara, Carolina Miranda, Iandra Souza, Patricia Fernandes, Zaeem Siddiqi, Cecile Phan, Jeffrey Narayan, Derrick Blackmore, Ashley Mallon, Rikki Roderus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 The Authors. Muscle & Nerve published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Introduction: Eculizumab is effective and well tolerated in patients with antiacetylcholine receptor antibody-positive refractory generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG; REGAIN; NCT01997229). We report an interim analysis of an open-label extension of REGAIN, evaluating eculizumab's long-term safety and efficacy. Methods: Eculizumab (1,200 mg every 2 weeks for 22.7 months [median]) was administered to 117 patients. Results: The safety profile of eculizumab was consistent with REGAIN; no cases of meningococcal infection were reported during the interim analysis period. Myasthenia gravis exacerbation rate was reduced by 75% from the year before REGAIN (P < 0.0001). Improvements with eculizumab in activities of daily living, muscle strength, functional ability, and quality of life in REGAIN were maintained through 3 years; 56% of patients achieved minimal manifestations or pharmacological remission. Patients who had received placebo during REGAIN experienced rapid and sustained improvements during open-label eculizumab (P < 0.0001). Discussion: These findings provide evidence for the long-term safety and sustained efficacy of eculizumab for refractory gMG. Muscle Nerve 2019.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-24
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • eculizumab
  • MG-ADL
  • MG-QOL15
  • MGC
  • myasthenia gravis
  • QMG

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