Long-term outcome after laparoscopic splenectomy related to hematologic diagnosis

C. Balagué, E. M. Targarona, G. Cerdán, J. Novell, O. Montero, G. Bendahan, A. García, A. Pey, S. Vela, M. Diaz, M. Trías

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has been demonstrated as an effective and safe treatment for hematological disorders requiring spleen removal, especially in cases of normal-sized spleens. However, although results are promising, long-term outcome data are lacking. We reviewed our clinical experience with LS in a series of 255 cases, with particular attention to the long-term outcome related to the disease process requiring LS. Methods: From February 1993 to October 2003, LS was attempted in 255 patients (100 males and 155 females with a mean age of 45 ±., 19 years) and clinical information was recorded in a prospective database. Indications for splenectomy included idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (n = 115), HIV-ITP (n = 9), Evans syndrome (n = 6), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) (n = 13), hereditary spherocytosis (HS) (n = 19), hematologic malignancy (n = 66), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (n = 1), and others (n = 26). Long-term postoperative follow-up evaluation was obtained through clinical notes, follow-up visits by the referring hematologist, and by phone interviews both with patients and with the referring hematologist. Results: A total of 186 patients (73%) were available for a mean follow-up of 35 months (range, 1-104). Of the ITP patients, 87 (76%) were followed up, with a remission rate of 89% (complete remission in 75%). A similar remission rate was observed in ITP-HIV; in patients available for follow-up (78%), complete remission was achieved in 83%. In Evans, complete remission was achieved in all patients available for follow-up (67%), Clinical response for hemolytic disease ranged between 70% for AIHA and 100% for HS. In the malignant group, the late mortality rate was 22%. The mortality rate in the miscellaneous group was 5%. No cases of splenectomy-related sepsis occurred during follow-up. Conclusions: LS offers advantages for all types of splenic diseases requiring surgery. It provides not only good clinical short-term outcome but also satisfactory long-term hematological results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1287
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2004

Keywords

  • ITP
  • Long-term outcome
  • Splenectomy

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