Long-term effectiveness of unboosted atazanavir plus abacavir/lamivudine in subjects with virological suppression: A prospective cohort study

Josep M. Llibre, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Court Pedersen, Matti Ristola, Marcelo Losso, Amanda Mocroft, Viktar Mitsura, Karolin Falconer, Fernando Maltez, Marek Beniowski, Vincenzo Vullo, Gamal Hassoun, Elena Kuzovatova, János Szlavik, Anastasiia Kuznetsova, Hans Jürgen Stellbrink, Claudine Duvivier, Simon Edwards, Kamilla Laut, Roger ParedesM. Losso, M. Kundro, N. Vetter, R. Zangerle, I. Karpov, A. Vassilenko, V. M. Mitsura, D. Paduto, N. Clumeck, S. De Wit, M. Delforge, E. Florence, L. Vandekerckhove, V. Hadziosmanovic, K. Kostov, J. Begovac, L. Machala, D. Jilich, D. Sedlacek, G. Kronborg, T. Benfield, J. Gerstoft, T. Katzenstein, N. F. Møller, C. Pedersen, U. B. Dragsted, L. N. Nielsen, K. Zilmer, Jelena Smidt, M. Ristola, I. Aho, J. P. Viard, P. M. Girard, L. Cotte, C. Pradier, E. Fontas, F. Dabis, D. Neau, C. Duvivier, J. Rockstroh, R. Schmidt, O. Degen, H. J. Stellbrink, C. Stefan, J. Bogner, G. Fätkenheuer, N. Chkhartishvili, J. Kosmidis, P. Gargalianos, G. Xylomenos, P. Lourida, H. Sambatakou, J. Szlávik, M. Gottfredsson, F. Mulcahy, I. Yust, D. Turner, M. Burke, E. Shahar, G. Hassoun, H. Elinav, M. Haouzi, D. Elbirt, Z. M. Sthoeger, A. D'Arminio Monforte, R. Esposito, I. Mazeu, C. Mussini, F. Mazzotta, A. Gabbuti, V. Vullo, M. Lichtner, M. Zaccarelli, A. Antinori, R. Acinapura, M. Plazzi, A. Lazzarin, A. Castagna, N. Gianotti

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    Copyright © 2016 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Effectiveness data of an unboosted atazanavir (ATV) with abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) switch strategy in clinical routine are scant. We evaluated treatment outcomes of ATV + ABC/3TC in pretreated subjects in the EuroSIDA cohort when started with undetectable plasma HIV-1 viral load (pVL), performing a time to loss of virological response (TLOVR <50copies/mL) and a snapshot analysis at 48, 96, and 144 weeks. Virological failure (VF) was defined as confirmed pVL >50copies/mL. We included 285 subjects, 67% male, with median baseline CD4 530 cells, and 44 months with pVL ≤50copies/mL. The third drug in the previous regimen was ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV/r) in 79 (28%), and another ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor (PI/r) in 29 (10%). Ninety (32%) had previously failed with a PI. Proportions of people with virological success at 48/96/144 weeks were 90%/87%/88% (TLOVR) and 74%/67%/59% (snapshot analysis), respectively. The rates of VF were 8%/8%/6%. Rates of adverse events leading to study discontinuation were 0.4%/1%/2%. The multivariable adjusted analysis showed an association between VF and nadir CD4+ (hazard ratio [HR] 0.63 [95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.42-0.93] per 100 cells higher), time with pVL ≤50copies/mL (HR 0.87 [95% CI: 0.79-0.96] per 6 months longer), and previous failure with a PI (HR 2.78 [95% CI: 1.28-6.04]). Resistance selection at failure was uncommon. A switch to ATV + ABC/3TC in selected subjects with suppressed viremia was associated with low rates of VF and discontinuation due to adverse events, even in subjects not receiving ATV/r. The strategy might be considered in those with long-term suppression and no prior PI failure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere5020
    JournalMedicine (United States)
    Issue number40
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


    • Atazanavir
    • HIV-1
    • Protease inhibitors: abacavir
    • Simplification antiretroviral therapy


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