Two new variant Philadelphia (Ph) chromosomes with an aberrant location of the BCR-ABL fusion gene on 9q34 of the derivative 9 are reported. One presented cytogenetically as a standard t(9;22)(q34;qII), whereas the other was classified as an ins(9;22)(q34;q11.1q11.2) using the combined interpretation of cytogenetic, FISH, and molecular data. The mechanisms of the two rearrangements are presented. It is suggested that the insertion has occurred in a single event in the patient with ins(9;22). In the patient with t(9;22), both a translocation and an insertion, occurring either sequentially or simultaneously, can account for the location of the BCR-ABL fusion gene on the derivative 9. A possible poor prognostic impact of this aberrant location of the BCR-ABL is also suggested by the clinical data reported in such patients.
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 1997|