In this paper, we survey the expanding body of literature on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Chinese and Anglophone geography, and locate the main lines of development. The emerging scholarship approaches the BRI as a spatial discourse and examines the production of geographical reasoning in statecraft. It also links up with studies of the BRI as both a material project and an everyday experience. We argue that it is in this combined understanding of BRI's multiple registers, as discourse, project, and experience, that a trilectical approach for future geographical engagement can be identified as the BRI edges to its second decade.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12683
Number of pages12
JournalGeography Compass
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • capitalism
  • critical geopolitics
  • development
  • foreign policy
  • globalization
  • inequality
  • livelihoods
  • political economy


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