Local asymptotic stability of a system of integro-differential equations describing clonal evolution of a self-renewing cell population under mutation

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Abstract

In this paper we consider a system of non-linear integro-differential equations (IDEs) describing evolution of a clonally heterogeneous population of malignant white blood cells (leukemic cells) undergoing mutation and clonal selection. We prove existence and uniqueness of non-trivial steady states and study their asymptotic stability. The results are compared to those of the system without mutation. Existence of equilibria is proved by formulating the steady state problem as an eigenvalue problem and applying a version of the Krein-Rutmann theorem for Banach lattices. The stability at equilibrium is analysed using linearisation and the Weinstein-Aronszajn determinant which allows to conclude local asymptotic stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of mathematical biology
Volume84
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Asymptotic stability
  • Cell differentiation model
  • Integro-differential equations
  • Selection mutation process
  • Stationary solutions

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