Liquid-solid extraction of gold(III) from aqueous chloride solutions by macroporous resins impregnated with triisobutyl phosphine sulfide (Cyanex 471)

I. Villaescusa, V. Salvadó, J. de Pablo, M. Valiente, M. Aguilar

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extraction of Au(III) from chloride solutions using the macroporous resins XAD-2 and XAD-7 impregnated with triisobutylphosphine sulfide (TIBPS) has been studied. Two different resins have been employed as solid support, i.e., polystyrene Amberlite XAD-2 and polyacrylate Amberlite XAD-7 which showed a similar capacity for the adsorption of TIBPS. Both impregnated XAD-2 and XAD-7 adsorbs Au(III) to a considerable extent (95%); the impregnation of XAD-7 does not increase the percentage of extraction (95%) obtained by the resin itself. The effect of chloride ion concentration on the metal adsorption process at the different resins has been studied. The results indicate that impregnated XAD-2 is independent on chloride ion concentration up to 1.0 mol dm-3 while experiments with XAD-7 in the presence of different amounts of HCl (1-6 mol dm-3) showed that Au(III) extraction increases up to 1.0 mol dm-3 where a plateau region is reached. This behaviour is explained by two different extraction mechanisms. In the case of impregnated XAD-2, the formation of the species AUCl3 · 2TIBPS may be the driving force, while in the case of XAD-7, the formation of the ion pair R-COOH+-AuCl4- is postulated and the extraction related to both the formation of the species AuCl4- in the aqueous phase and to the existence of the positive counterion which is generated via a hydrolytic mechanism. © 1992.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
JournalReactive Polymers
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992

Keywords

  • Cyanex-471
  • gold extration
  • impregnated resins

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