Linker histone partial phosphorylation: Effects on secondary structure and chromatin condensation

Rita Lopez, Bettina Sarg, Herbert Lindner, Salvador Bartolomé, Inma Ponte, Pedro Suau, Alicia Roque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research. Linker histones are involved in chromatin higher-order structure and gene regulation. We have successfully achieved partial phosphorylation of linker histones in chicken erythrocyte soluble chromatin with CDK2, as indicated by HPCE, MALDI-TOF and Tandem MS. We have studied the effects of linker histone partial phosphorylation on secondary structure and chromatin condensation. Infrared spectroscopy analysis showed a gradual increase of β-structure in the phosphorylated samples, concomitant to a decrease in α-helix/turns, with increasing linker histone phosphorylation. This conformational change could act as the first step in the phosphorylation-induced effects on chromatin condensation. A decrease of the sedimentation rate through sucrose gradients of the phosphorylated samples was observed, indicating a global relaxation of the 30-nm fiber following linker histone phosphorylation. Analysis of specific genes, combining nuclease digestion and qPCR, showed that phosphorylated samples were more accessible than unphosphorylated samples, suggesting local chromatin relaxation. Chromatin aggregation was induced by MgCl<inf>2</inf> and analyzed by dynamic light scattering (DLS). Phosphorylated chromatin had lower percentages in volume of aggregated molecules and the aggregates had smaller hydrodynamic diameter than unphosphorylated chromatin, indicating that linker histone phosphorylation impaired chromatin aggregation. These findings provide new insights into the effects of linker histone phosphorylation in chromatin condensation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4463-4476
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2015

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