Limit cycles in planar piecewise linear differential systems with nonregular separation line

Pedro Toniol Cardin, Joan Torregrosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. In this paper we deal with planar piecewise linear differential systems defined in two zones. We consider the case when the two linear zones are angular sectors of angles α and 2π−α, respectively, for α∈(0,π). We study the problem of determining lower bounds for the number of isolated periodic orbits in such systems using Melnikov functions. These limit cycles appear studying higher order piecewise linear perturbations of a linear center. It is proved that the maximum number of limit cycles that can appear up to a sixth order perturbation is five. Moreover, for these values of α, we prove the existence of systems with four limit cycles up to fifth order and, for α=π/2, we provide an explicit example with five up to sixth order. In general, the nonregular separation line increases the number of periodic orbits in comparison with the case where the two zones are separated by a straight line.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-82
JournalPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
Volume337
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Limit cycle in Melnikov higher order perturbation
  • Non-smooth differential systems in two zones
  • Nonregular separation line

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