In this paper we study those cubic systems which are invariant under a rotation of 2π/4 radians. They are written as ż = εz + p z 2z̄ - z̄3, where z is complex, the time is real, and ε = ε1+iε2, p = p1+ip2 are complex parameters. When they have some critical points at infinity, i.e. |p2| ≤ 1, it is well-known that they can have at most one (hyperbolic) limit cycle which surrounds the origin. On the other hand when they have no critical points at infinity, i.e. |p2| > 1, there are examples exhibiting at least two limit cycles surrounding nine critical points. In this paper we give two criteria for proving in some cases uniqueness and hyperbolicity of the limit cycle that surrounds the origin. Our results apply to systems having a limit cycle that surrounds either 1, 5 or 9 critical points, the origin being one of these points. The key point of our approach is the use of Abel equations. © 2007 American Mathematical Society.