Limit cycles for continuous and discontinuous perturbations of uniform isochronous cubic centers

Jaume Llibre, Jackson Itikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Let p be a uniform isochronous cubic polynomial center. We study the maximum number of small or medium limit cycles that bifurcate from p or from the periodic solutions surrounding p respectively, when they are perturbed, either inside the class of all continuous cubic polynomial differential systems, or inside the class of all discontinuous differential systems formed by two cubic differential systems separated by the straight line y = 0. In the case of continuous perturbations using the averaging theory of order 6 we show that the maximum number of small limit cycles that can appear in a Hopf bifurcation at p is 3, and this number can be reached. For a subfamily of these systems using the averaging theory of first order we prove that at most 3 medium limit cycles can bifurcate from the periodic solutions surrounding p, and this number can be reached. In the case of discontinuous perturbations using the averaging theory of order 6 we prove that the maximum number of small limit cycles that can appear in a Hopf bifurcation at p is 5, and this number can be reached. For a subfamily of these systems using the averaging method of first order we show that the maximum number of medium limit cycles that can bifurcate from the periodic solutions surrounding p is 7, and this number can be reached. We also provide all the first integrals and the phase portraits in the Poincaré disc for the uniform isochronous cubic centers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-191
JournalJournal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
Volume277
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Averaging method
  • Limit cycle
  • Periodic orbit
  • Polynomial vector field
  • Uniform isochronous center

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