Lifeguard inhibits fas ligand-mediated endoplasmic reticulum-calcium release mandatory for apoptosis in type II apoptotic cells

Jorge Urresti, Marisol Ruiz-Meana, Elena Coccia, Juan Carlos Arévalo, José Castellano, Celia Fernández-Sanz, Koen M.O. Galenkamp, Laura Planells-Ferrer, Rana S. Moubarak, Núria Llecha-Cano, Stéphanie Reix, David García-Dorado, Bruna Barneda-Zahonero, Joan X. Comella

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16 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Death receptors aremembersof thetumornecrosis factor receptor superfamily involved in the extrinsic apoptotic pathway. Lifeguard (LFG) is a death receptor antagonist mainly expressed in the nervous system that specifically blocks Fas ligand (FasL)-induced apoptosis. To investigate its mechanism of action, we studied its subcellular localization and its interaction with members of the Bcl-2 family proteins. We performed an analysis of LFG subcellular localization in murine cortical neurons and found that LFG localizes mainly to the ER and Golgi. We confirmed these results with subcellular fractionation experiments. Moreover, we show by coimmunoprecipitation experiments that LFG interacts with Bcl-XL and Bcl-2, but not with Bax or Bak, and this interaction likely occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum. We further investigated the relationship betweenLFGand Bcl-XL in the inhibition of apoptosis and found that LFG protects only type II apoptotic cells from FasL-induced death in a Bcl-XL dependent manner. The observation that LFG itself is not located in mitochondria raises the question as to whether LFG in the ER participates in FasL-induced death. Indeed, we investigated the degree of calcium mobilization after FasL stimulation and found that LFG inhibits calcium release from the ER, a process that correlates with LFG blockage of cytochrome c release to the cytosol and caspase activation. On the basis of our observations, we propose that there is a required step in the induction of type II apoptotic cell death that involves calcium mobilizationfrom the ER and that this step is modulated by LFG.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1234
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2016


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