LIF regulates CXCL9 in tumor-associated macrophages and prevents CD8+ T cell tumor-infiltration impairing anti-PD1 therapy

Mónica Pascual-García, Ester Bonfill-Teixidor, Ester Planas-Rigol, Carlota Rubio-Perez, Raffaella Iurlaro, Alexandra Arias, Isabel Cuartas, Ada Sala-Hojman, Laura Escudero, Francisco Martínez-Ricarte, Isabel Huber-Ruano, Paolo Nuciforo, Leire Pedrosa, Carolina Marques, Irene Braña, Elena Garralda, María Vieito, Massimo Squatrito, Estela Pineda, Francesc GrausCarmen Espejo, Juan Sahuquillo, Josep Tabernero, Joan Seoane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

    62 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2019, The Author(s). Cancer response to immunotherapy depends on the infiltration of CD8+ T cells and the presence of tumor-associated macrophages within tumors. Still, little is known about the determinants of these factors. We show that LIF assumes a crucial role in the regulation of CD8+ T cell tumor infiltration, while promoting the presence of protumoral tumor-associated macrophages. We observe that the blockade of LIF in tumors expressing high levels of LIF decreases CD206, CD163 and CCL2 and induces CXCL9 expression in tumor-associated macrophages. The blockade of LIF releases the epigenetic silencing of CXCL9 triggering CD8+ T cell tumor infiltration. The combination of LIF neutralizing antibodies with the inhibition of the PD1 immune checkpoint promotes tumor regression, immunological memory and an increase in overall survival.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2416
    JournalNature Communications
    Volume10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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