Level of impact on the public health of universal human immunodeficiency virus screening in an Emergency Department

Juliana Reyes-Urueña, Laura Fernàndez-López, Luis Force, Manel Daza, Cristina Agustí, Jordi Casabona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica Introduction The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and the acceptability of rapid testing in an emergency department (ED), Barcelona (6/07/2011 to 8/03/2013). Method A convenience sample was used, depending on nurse availability in the ED. Participants signed an informed consent. Results were confirmed by conventional methods. Result A total of 2,140 individuals were offered testing, and 5% rejected taking part (107/2,140). Three subjects (3/2,033 [0.15%]) had confirmed reactive test. Individuals with a higher education were more likely to perform a rapid HIV test in ED (P < .005). Conclusion A low prevalence of new HIV diagnoses was found among participants, although there was a high acceptability rate to perform rapid testing in the ED.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-437
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Diagnostic test
  • Emergency Department
  • Hospital
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Screening

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