Lead(II) fluoride particles synthesized by a straightforward mechanochemical route

Maria Angels Subirana-Manzanares, Marta Sanchez-Sala, Josefina Pons, Concepción Domingo, José A. Ayllón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. A low temperature mechanochemistry procedure was used to prepare lead(II) fluoride particles, with the objective of synthetizing pure α and β phases. Lead acetate trihydrate was reacted with ammonium fluoride by hand-grounding, thus forming a white liquid mixture containing lead(II) fluoride, water and ammonium acetate. A further short thermal treatment, performed at a low temperature (ca. 100 °C), allowed the evaporation of by-products, giving directly a powder constituted by pure PbF2. According to XRD analysis, the obtained product involved mostly the cubic β-PbF2 phase, with only traces of the orthorhombic α-PbF2 phase. SEM analysis indicated the formation of crystalline aggregates, without a well defined morphology. This synthetic strategy could be easily modified by adding small quantities of organic additives used to tune the crystalline phase. Hence, the addition of either citric acid or poly(acrylic acid-co-maleic acid) facilitated the production of the cubic phase (β-PbF2), while the addition of selected amines strongly favored the crystallization of the orthorhombic phase (α-PbF2).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-80
JournalMaterials Letters
Volume163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Crystalline phase
  • Lead(II) fluoride
  • Low temperature
  • Mechanochemical

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