Leaching of metallic silver with aqueous ozone

J. Viñals, E. Juan, A. Roca, M. Cruells, J. Casado

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    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The recycling of silver from metallic scraps can be performed through O3 leaching at an ambient temperature and low (∼0.1 M) H 2SO4 concentration. The main by-product is O2, which can be recycled to the O3 generation or used as leaching agent in a pretreatment step. The stoichiometry and the effects of the stirring speed, ozone and acid concentration and temperature on the leaching of silver were investigated. Silver dissolved as Ag2+(aq) in the range 10-3-1 M H2SO4, but for pH≥4, insoluble Ag2O2 was the main reaction product. Kinetics appeared to be controlled by mass transfer of O3(aq) to the solid-liquid interface, showing first order dependency with respect to [O3] aq and PO3. Specific rates were only slightly dependent on the temperature in the interval 10-50 °C, but decreased at 60 °C due to the fall in O3 solubility. The mass transfer coefficients showed an average activation energy of 17 kJ/mol. No significant effect of [H 2SO4] on mass transfer coefficients was observed for 10-2-1 M. Leaching rate gradually diminished for pH >2, as a consequence of the influence of the [H+] in the transport control. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)225-232
    JournalHydrometallurgy
    Volume76
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005

    Keywords

    • Leaching
    • Ozone
    • Recycling
    • Silver

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