Leaching of gold and palladium with aqueous ozone in dilute chloride media

J. Viñals, E. Juan, M. Ruiz, E. Ferrando, M. Cruells, A. Roca, J. Casado

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    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The recycling of gold and palladium from metallic scraps can be carried out by ozone-leaching at ambient temperature and low (∼0.1 M) H+ and Cl- concentrations. Rh and Pt remain un-reacted, whereas metals such as Cu, Ni, Ag, can be previously eliminated through O2/H+ and O2/O3/H+ leaching pretreatments. Gold and palladium are dissolved in O3/Cl-/H+ with formation of AuCl4- and PdCl42-. Leaching studies showed a passive region, basically located at < 0.01 and < 0.05 M Cl- for Au and Pd, respectively. In the non-passive region, rates were only slightly dependent on either H+ and Cl -. Secondary formation of chlorine or hypochlorous acid was negligible at ≤ 0.1 M Cl-. Kinetics appeared to be controlled by mass transfer of O3(aq) to the solid-liquid interface, showing first order dependency with respect to [O3]aq. Rates increased with temperature up to about 40 °C, but decreased at higher temperatures due to the fall in the O3 solubility. The ozone mass transfer coefficients showed an activation energy < 20 kJ/mol. Gold leaching rate gradually diminished for pH > 2, as consequence of the influence of the [H+] on transfer control. The electric power consumption associated with O3 generation was in the range 4-8 kWh/kg metal leached. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)142-151
    JournalHydrometallurgy
    Volume81
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006

    Keywords

    • Chloride
    • Gold
    • Kinetics
    • Leaching
    • Ozone
    • Palladium
    • Recycling

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