LDL Cholesterol Reduction Variability with Different Types and Doses of Statins in Monotherapy or Combined with Ezetimibe. Results from the Spanish Arteriosclerosis Society Dyslipidaemia Registry

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Abstract

Purpose: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol reduction by statin therapy is dose-dependent, varies among different statins, and has wide inter-individual variability. The present study aimed to compare mean LDL cholesterol reduction and its variability achieved with different doses of the three statins most frequently used in monotherapy or combined with ezetimibe in a real clinical setting. Methods: Of 5620 cases with primary hypercholesterolemia on the Spanish Arteriosclerosis Society Registry, 1004 with non-familial hypercholesterolemia and complete information on drug therapy and lipid profile were included. Results: The lowest mean percentage LDL cholesterol reduction was observed with simvastatin 10 mg (32.5 ± 18.5%), while the highest mean percentage LDL reduction was obtained with rosuvastatin 40 mg (58.7 ± 18.8%). As to combined treatment, the lowest and highest mean percentage LDL cholesterol reductions were obtained with simvastatin 10 mg combined with ezetimibe (50.6 ± 24.6%) and rosuvastatin 40 mg combined with ezetimibe (71.6 ± 11.1%), respectively. Factors associated with a suboptimal response were male sex, lower age, body mass index, and baseline LDL cholesterol levels. Combined treatment was associated with less variability in LDL cholesterol reduction (OR 0.603, p < 0.001). Conclusion: In a real clinical setting, rosuvastatin was superior to the other statins in lowering LDL cholesterol, both as monotherapy or combined with ezetimibe. Factors associated with a suboptimal response in LDL cholesterol decline were male sex, age, body mass index, and baseline LDL cholesterol levels. Combined treatment was associated with less variability in LDL cholesterol improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-308
Number of pages8
JournalCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Ezetimibe
  • LDL cholesterol
  • Lipid-lowering treatment
  • Statins

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