Large-signal stability of symmetric multibranch power amplifiers exploiting floquet analysis

Federica Cappelluti, Fabio Lorenzo Traversa, Fabrizio Bonani, Simona Donati Guerrieri, Giovanni Ghione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the large-signal stability of symmetric multibranch power amplifiers through the application of Floquet theory implemented directly in the frequency domain. The generality of the approach allows to gain a global assessment of the amplifier stability, without resorting to specific approaches based on layout symmetry or to the implementation of additional analyses with properly placed ad hoc generators. The spurious frequency oscillations and the most critical circuit locations are identified by a novel, computationally efficient, and accurate harmonic-balance evaluation of the Floquet exponents and of their associated eigenvectors. Small- and large-signal stability analyses are validated against conventional criteria and time-domain simulations, respectively. Based on this analysis, significant differences between small- and large-signal stability conditions for intrinsically nonlinear stages are found, thus driving the design toward optimized stabilization solutions. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6475206
Pages (from-to)1580-1587
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2013


  • Bifurcation
  • circuit simulation
  • circuit stability
  • Floquet theory
  • frequency-domain analysis
  • power amplifiers (PAs)


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