Background: Very few studies have compared laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) outcomes or analyzed improvement in cardiovascular risk (CVR) after bariatric surgery. None of the studies considered the Mediterranean population. Our primary objective was to compare the 10-year estimated CVR reduction achieved by LRYGB and LSG in Spanish subjects with severe obesity. The secondary objectives were to compare the techniques in terms of weight loss and co-morbidity improvement. The study was performed at a university hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Methods: A 12-month prospective cohort study of 140 consecutive patients (95 LRYGB and 45 LSG) compared the 2 surgical intervention groups to study the percentage of excess weight loss, resolution and improvement/resolution of co-morbidities, and effect on CVR using both the Framingham risk score (FRS) and the Registre Gironí del Cor (REGICOR) model. Results: At 12 months, the overall CVR decreased from 6.6% to 3.4% using the FRS and from 3.7% to 1.9% using the REGICOR score. Neither model found a difference between the 2 surgical intervention groups in decreased postoperative CVR risk, with a FRS of 3.4% ± 2.2% for LRYGB versus 3.3% ± 2.1% for LSG (P =.872) and a REGICOR score of 1.9% ± 1.5% versus 1.8% ± 1.6%, respectively (P =.813). No differences were observed in the percentage of excess weight loss or the resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. The hypercholesterolemia improvement/resolution rate was lower in the LSG group than in the LRYGB group. Conclusion: Bariatric surgery reduces the estimated CVR by one half at 1 year after surgery. Except for the less-improved cholesterol metabolism, LSG, a restrictive technique, proved to be equally as effective at 1 year of follow-up as LRYGB. © 2011 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery.
- Cardiovascular risk
- Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
- Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy