The standard treatment for most patients with upper tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is open com-plete nephroureterectomy (NU) with excision of a cuff of the bladder and intact removal of the entire speci-men . This usually requires one long incision or two separate incisions resulting in significant morbid-ity and prolonged convalescence [2-8]. © Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2005.
|Title of host publication||Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery in Malignancies|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2005|