Langevin dynamics for ramified structures

Vicenç Méndez, Alexander Iomin, Werner Horsthemke, Daniel Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA Medialab srl. We propose a generalized Langevin formalism to describe transport in combs and similar ramified structures. Our approach consists of a Langevin equation without drift for the motion along the backbone. The motion along the secondary branches may be described either by a Langevin equation or by other types of random processes. The mean square displacement (MSD) along the backbone characterizes the transport through the ramified structure. We derive a general analytical expression for this observable in terms of the probability distribution function of the motion along the secondary branches. We apply our result to various types of motion along the secondary branches of finite or infinite length, such as subdiffusion, superdiffusion, and Langevin dynamics with colored Gaussian noise and with non-Gaussian white noise. Monte Carlo simulations show excellent agreement with the analytical results. The MSD for the case of Gaussian noise is shown to be independent of the noise color. We conclude by generalizing our analytical expression for the MSD to the case where each secondary branch is n dimensional.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063205
JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
Volume2017
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Brownian motion
  • fluctuation phenomena
  • stochastic particle dynamics
  • stochastic processes

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