Landscape of early clinical trials for childhood and adolescence cancer in Spain

F. Bautista, S. Gallego, A. Cañete, J. Mora, C. Diaz de Heredia, O. Cruz, J. M. Fernández, S. Rives, L. Madero, V. Castel, M. E. Cela, G. Ramírez, C. Sábado, T. Acha, I. Astigarraga, A. Sastre, A. Muñoz, M. Guibelalde, L. Moreno*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Despite numerous advances, survival remains dismal for children and adolescents with poor prognosis cancers or those who relapse or are refractory to first line treatment. There is, therefore, a major unmet need for new drugs. Recent advances in the knowledge of molecular tumor biology open the door to more adapted therapies according to individual alterations. Promising results in the adult anticancer drug development have not yet been translated into clinical practice. We report the activity in early pediatric oncology trials in Spain. Methods: All members of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Hematology Oncology (SEHOP) were contacted to obtain information about early trials open in each center. Results: 22 phase I and II trials were open as of May 2015: 15 for solid tumors (68 %) and 7 for hematological malignancies (32 %). Fourteen (64 %) were industry sponsored. Since 2010, four centers have joined the Innovative Therapies For Children With Cancer, an international consortium whose aim is developing novel therapies for pediatric cancers. A substantial number of studies have opened in these 5 years, improving the portfolio of trials for children. Results of recently closed trials show the contribution of Spanish investigators, the introduction of molecularly targeted agents and their benefits. Conclusions: Clinical trials are the way to evaluate new drugs, avoiding the use of off-label drugs that carry significant risks. The Spanish pediatric oncology community through the SEHOP is committed to develop and participate in collaborative academic trials, to favor the advancement and optimization of existing therapies in pediatric cancer.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)708-713
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Translational Oncology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • Drug development
  • Early phase clinical trials
  • Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • Personalized medicine


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