Lack of relationship between plasma levels of escitalopram and QTc-interval length

Mar Carceller-Sindreu, Javier de Diego-Adeliño, Maria J. Portella, Xavier Garcia-Moll, Maria Figueras, Aina Fernandez-Vidal, Josep M. Queraltó, Dolors Puigdemont, Enric Álvarez

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Despite safety concerns raised by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), evidence supporting QT-lengthening effects of escitalopram is far to be conclusive. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between escitalopram plasma levels (Escit-PL) and corrected QT-interval length (QTc-length) in 91 outpatients recruited from a hospital setting. Fifteen patients had an abnormally prolonged QTc-interval, and 3 had QTc-intervals ≥500 ms. No correlation between Escit-PL and QTc-length was found (r = 0.08; p = 0.45). Linear/logistic regression analyses were also conducted taking into account potential confounders such as age, gender, personal history of heart disease, medication load and concomitant use of antipsychotic/tricyclic antidepressants. Escit-PL did not predict either QTc-length or abnormally prolonged QTc-interval. Only antipsychotics/tricyclics use (adjusted β = 0.26, SE = 9.1; p = 0.01) was an independent predictor of QTc-length (R2 = 0.096, F = 4.68, df = 2,88; p = 0.01). Only antipsychotics/tricyclics use (OR 3.56 [95% CI 1.01–12.52]; p < 0.05) and medication load (OR 1.32 [95% CI 1.06–1.64]; p < 0.01) were significantly associated with an increased risk of abnormally prolonged QTc-interval (Omnibus test χ2 = 9.5, df = 2; p < 0.01). Our study did not find a significant relationship between Escit-PL and QTc-length even when recognized modulating factors of the QT-interval were controlled for. Concomitant use of other potentially arrhythmogenic agents may help to explain the apparent link between escitalopram and QT prolongation previously suggested. The advisability of maintaining the EMA warning is once again called into question.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-822
JournalEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Volume267
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Adverse effects
  • Black box warning
  • Electrocardiography
  • Escitalopram
  • Long QT syndrome/chemically induced

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