La “taiwanización”: Orígenes del nacionalismo taiwanés durante los años setenta del siglo XX

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Abstract

In 1971, Republic of China which governed by the dictatorial regime of the Kuomintang (KMT), lost the international representation of China in the UN at the hands of the People's Republic of China in a new context of the Cold War, and it was forced to initiate a series of political reforms for its political legitimacy survival as a country and political regime in Taiwan. In this historical context, “Taiwanization” should be understand in the following points: in an axis marked by a Chinese Civil War that has not officially ended and by a new phase of the Cold War. This bimodal axis would open a process of searching for a Taiwanese collective identity based on a rejection of the historical political narrative of the dictatorial governance of the KMT in Taiwan, which was reclaimed the premise of “reconquering the Continent and eliminating the Chinese communists.” This article will focus on “Taiwanization” as the origin of Taiwanese nationalist ideology from its origins to the 1980s as part of the construction of contemporary Taiwanese history, meanwhile, it will also discuss “Taiwanization” process in the KMT party.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)4-22
Number of pages19
JournalTiempo devorado
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2024

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