L-type Ca2+ current and excitation-contraction coupling in single atrial myocytes from rainbow trout

Leif Hove-Madsen, Lluis Tort

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    Abstract

    We have examined the contribution of L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca)) to the activation of contraction in trout atrial myocytes under basal and phosphorylating conditions. The average myocyte length was 197 ± 14 μm, width was 5.5 ± 0.2 μm, and cell capacitance was 36.2 ± 2.2 pF. With 25 μM EGTA in the patch pipette and a stimulation frequency of 0.125 Hz, I(Ca) was 2.6 ± 0.4 pA/pF and it carried a total charge of 0.10 ± 0.01 pC/pF, giving rise to a contraction of 15.2 ± 2.8% of the resting cell length. With a cell volume of 2.4 ± 0.3 pl, the charge carried by I(Ca) corresponded to 14.7 ± 2.2 μmol Ca2+/l nonmitochondrial cell volume (μM). This can account for only 30-40% of the Ca2+ binding to the myofilaments during a contraction. Increasing the stimulation frequency from 0.25 to 2 Hz decreased I(Ca) amplitude and charge by 66 ± 5 and 80 ± 3%, respectively. Elevating the pipette EGTA concentration from 25 μM to 5 mM increased I(Ca) amplitude and charge by ~290%. Both isoproterenol and cAMP increased I(Ca) by ~230%. The total charge carried by the isoproterenol- or cAMP-stimulated current was increased by 170%. We conclude that the use of high-EGTA concentration may overestimate the total Ca2+ carried by I(Ca) under physiological conditions. Furthermore, the results suggest that, in contrast to previous reports from other lower vertebrates, Ca2+ flux through L-type Ca2+ channels alone is not sufficient to fully activate contraction in trout atrial myocytes at room temperature.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
    Volume275
    Issue number6 44-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998

    Keywords

    • Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
    • Contraction
    • Ethylene glycol- bis(β-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid
    • Isoproterenol

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