KRAS genetic variant as a prognostic factor for recurrence in resectable non-small cell lung cancer

I. Sullivan, J. Salazar, C. Arqueros, M. Andrés, A. Sebio, M. Majem, J. Szafranska, E. Martínez, D. Páez, A. López-Pousa, M. Baiget, A. Barnadas

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017, Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO). Purpose: Several angiogenic prognostic markers are under investigation because of their potential clinical utility, aiming to improve patient outcomes. We hypothesized that genetic variant in the VEGF pathway could be used as prognostic markers of survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing pulmonary resection. Methods: We evaluated the relationship between genetic variants in the VEGF pathway and relapse-free survival (RFS, main endpoint) and overall survival (OS, secondary endpoint) among 131 patients with stage I–III NSCLC treated with surgical resection from 2009 to 2013. Clinical, pathological and surgical data were prospectively collected. Twenty-five variants in sixteen relevant genes were selected and genotyped in tumor samples by real time PCR. The Kaplan–Meier method with the log-rank test and Cox’s regression models were used for RFS and OS analyses. Results: With a median follow-up of 36 (min = 2.8; max = 67.4) months, there were 31 (24%) relapses and 31 (24%) deaths. Overall, median RFS was not reached and median OS was 65 [95% confidence interval (CI) 56–75] months. The KRAS rs1137282 and PIK3C2A rs4356203 variants were significantly associated with RFS. For KRAS rs1137282, the 3-year RFS was 76% [95% CI 64–84%] in patients harboring an A/A genotype compared to 53% [95% CI 37–69%] in patients harboring an A/G or G/G genotype (p = 0.02). For PIK3C2A rs4356203, patients with an A/A or an A/G genotype had a 3-year RFS of 72% [95% CI 58–76%], whereas in patients with a G/G genotype was 49% [95% CI 28–70%] (p = 0.02). These associations remained statistically significant after adjusting for all the relevant clinical parameters in the multivariable analysis. Conclusion: Genetic variants in VEGF pathway may be associated with recurrence in stage I–III NSCLC. Specifically, the KRAS rs1137282 could be considered as a prognostic factor for recurrence in resectable NSCLC patients. Although PIK3C2A rs4356203 was associated with RFS, further analyses are necessary to confirm these data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884-890
JournalClinical and Translational Oncology
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Genetic variants
  • KRAS
  • Prognostic marker
  • Resectable non-small cell lung cancer
  • VEGF pathway

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