A kinetic spectrophotometric method for the determination of hydrocortisone acetate based on its condensation with isonicotinic acid hydrazide is proposed. The method is applied to the determination of hydrocortisone acetate in a commercially available pharmaceutical preparation, presented as a pomade, that also contains another corticosteroid and additional active compounds. The operating procedure involves dissolving the pomade in chloroform and the addition of the reagent solution directly to the cuvette, in this way avoiding the previous extraction of analytes from the insoluble pomade matrix required by the alternative HPLC procedure. Calibration is performed by partial least-squares regression, using absorbance or first derivative spectra values recorded each minute during the first 30 min of reaction. Use of first derivative spectra overcomes possible scattered light problems produced by excipients precipitating, and produced slightly better results than absorbance data. The relative standard deviation obtained for 11 replicates analysed on different days was approx. 1.5%. The proposed method improves both accuracy and precision of the classical initial rate method and the precision of the HPLC procedure.
|Publication status||Published - 8 Jul 1999|