Key sectors in greenhouse gas emissions in Spain: An alternative input–output analysis

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We develop an alternative input–output approach and apply it to the determination of key sectors in emissions. This methodology allows us to assess and classify the different productive sectors according to their greenhouse gas emissions and the role that they play in the productive structure, as well as the participation of their output in the total volume of production. In contrast with previous approaches, we do not focus on the responsibility of final demand, but on the responsibility of the total production of each sector. We apply our methodology to the 2014 input–output table for Spain provided by the World Input–Output Database (2016). The results show that the sectors that induce more emissions from other sectors are manufacture of food products, wholesale and retail trade, and construction. Those that are pulled to emit coincide with those that are relevant for their own final demand, being the most important electricity and gas provision, agriculture, and transportation. The classification obtained allows to orient the design of greenhouse gas emission mitigation policies for the different sectors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-588
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Industrial Ecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020


  • Spain
  • greenhouse gas emissions
  • industrial ecology
  • input–output
  • key sectors
  • production structure


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