The optical and analytical characteristics of a series of neutral H+-selective chromoionophores in PVC membranes are described. Such indicators have been synthesized so that they can operate in bulk optode membranes as the chemically active region of integrated waveguide absorbance optodes (IWAOs), λmax near 780 nm. Their spectral characteristics, acid-base properties, chemical stability, and solubility in the membrane phase are given and discussed. The response characteristics are first tested in a conventional absorbance/transmittance flow cell. They offer a wide range of pKa's in PVC membranes, good sensitivity as a result of their high molar absortivities, excellent solubility in the plasticizer, and quick response times. They present good chemical stability in common laboratory conditions when stored in the dark, and the absence of leaching guarantees a long lifetime. Membranes have been finally applied as the sensing region of an integrated waveguide optode, demonstrating the extraordinary sensitivity improvement while preserving the remaining analytical features. Calibration curve slopes are multiplied by 3-28, and response times lower than 2 min are obtained.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2002|