K-ras mutations in nonmucinous ovarian epithelial tumors: A molecular analysis and clinicopathologic study of 144 patients

Miriam Cuatrecasas, Nadina Erill, Eva Musulen, Irmgard Costa, Xavier Matias-Guiu, Jaime Prat

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Abstract

BACKGROUND. To assess the putative prognostic value of K-ras mutations in noncinous ovarian tumors, the authors looked for K-ras point mutations at codons 12 and 13 in 144 nonmucinous ovarian tumors. METHODS. A series of 144 consecutive, unselected, archival, nonmucinous ovarian tumors (35 benign, 12 borderline, and 97 malignant) were studied. K-ras mutations at codons 12 and 13 were determined by polymerase chain reaction using the restriction fragment length polymorphism method with mismatched nested primers. Extensive clinicopathologic and follow-up data on all patients were evaluated. RESULTS. The overall prevalence of K-ras mutations at codons 12 and 13 was 30.5% (44/144). In benign tumors, it was 20% (7/35); in borderline tumors, 25% (3/12); and in carcinomas, 35% (34/97). The presence of K-ras point mutations did not correlate with survival. Among the benign tumors, K-ras mutations were detected in three Brenner tumors with a mucinous component. CONCLUSIONS. These results indicate that K-ras mutations are not initial events in the pathogenesis of nonmucinous ovarian tumors and do not appear to be related to survival.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1088-1095
JournalCancer
Volume82
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 1998

Keywords

  • K-ras
  • Nonmucinous tumors
  • Oncocgenes
  • Ovary
  • Point mutation
  • Prognosis

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