JC virus early protein detection by immunohistochemistry in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: A comparative study with in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction

Ana M. Muñoz-Mármol, Gemma Mola, Angela Fernández-Vasalo, Elena Vela, José L. Mate, Aurelio Ariza

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In situ hybridization (ISH) for JC virus (JCV) is generally applied for the diagnosis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). To explore the usefulness of immunohistochemistry (IHC) for JCV early proteins, 14 paraffin-embedded postmortem brain specimens with histologic features compatible with PML were tested for the presence of JCV by means of DNA-DNA ISH with a biotinylated probe corresponding to the entire JCV genome, for JCV early proteins IHC with both PAb 2003 and anti-SV40 large T antigen monoclonal antibodies, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of JCV virion protein 3 (VP3) and transcriptional control region (TCR) sequences. ISH was positive in 13 cases and IHC in all 14 cases, the number of IHC-positive cells generally being far in excess of ISH-positive cells. Of the 2 monoclonal antibodies used, PAb 2003 proved to be more sensitive than anti-SV40 large T antigen. Occasional neuronal nuclei were positive for JCV early proteins in 5 cases. As for PCR, VP3 was amplified in all 14 cases and TCR in 9 cases. Consequently, PAb 2003 IHC for JCV early proteins seems to be a powerful tool for viral demonstration in PML and may well become the diagnostic recourse of choice in this setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1124-1130
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume63
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Immunohistochemistry
  • In situ hybridization
  • JC virus
  • Large T antigen
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Small t antigen
  • T′ proteins

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