OBJECTIVES: To review the relationship between the Gleason grade and prostate volume in biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens, and thus assess the hypothesis that smaller prostates have a greater incidence of high-grade tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 390 patients who had RP at our institution, with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of <10 ng/mL and who had not had hormonal therapy. We retrospectively reviewed the data for transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsies from these patients and the RP specimens. Indications for biopsy included a PSA level of ≥4 ng/mL or an abnormal digital rectal examination. High-grade tumours were defined as having a Gleason score of ≥7. RESULTS: The TRUS volume was statistically related to the rate of high-grade tumours at biopsy and RP. On multivariate analyses, TRUS volume was a significant predictor of high-grade tumour for biopsy and RP specimens, with an inverse relationship between high-grade tumours and prostate volume for biopsy and RP specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that there is a relationship between the rate of high-grade tumours and prostate volume even in biopsy and RP specimens and it is not an artefact related to the biopsy. © 2008 The Authors.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2008|
- Gleason score
- High grade
- Prostate neoplasia