Is there a global environmental justice movement?

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© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. One of the causes of the increasing number of ecological distribution conflicts around the world is the changing metabolism of the economy in terms of growing flows of energy and materials. There are conflicts on resource extraction, transport and waste disposal. Therefore, there are many local complaints, as shown in the Atlas of Environmental Justice (EJatlas) and other inventories. And not only complaints; there are also many successful examples of stopping projects and developing alternatives, testifying to the existence of a rural and urban global movement for environmental justice. Moreover, since the 1980s and 1990s, this movement has developed a set of concepts and campaign slogans to describe and intervene in such conflicts. They include environmental racism, popular epidemiology, the environmentalism of the poor and the indigenous, biopiracy, tree plantations are not forests, the ecological debt, climate justice, food sovereignty, land grabbing and water justice, among other concepts. These terms were born from socio-environmental activism, but sometimes they have also been taken up by academic political ecologists and ecological economists who, for their part, have contributed other concepts to the global environmental justice movement, such as ‘ecologically unequal exchange’ or the ‘ecological footprint’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-755
JournalJournal of Peasant Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2016


  • activist knowledge
  • climate justice
  • collaborative research
  • ecological distribution conflicts
  • EJatlas
  • environmental justice
  • environmental racism
  • environmentalism of the poor
  • statistical political ecology


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