Is ADHD in childhood associated with lifetime hoarding symptoms? An epidemiological study

Miquel A. Fullana, Gemma Vilagut, David Mataix-Cols, Núria Duran Adroher, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Jose M.Caldas De Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni De Girolamo, Ron De Graaf, Josep M. Haro, Viviane Kovess, Jordi Alonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Although hoarding symptoms have been traditionally conceptualized as part of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), recent data suggest that they may be more closely related to attention-deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms and, in particular, inattention. The aim of the present epidemiological study was to investigate the association between retrospectively reported ADHD symptoms in childhood and lifetime hoarding symptoms. Methods Retrospectively reported childhood ADHD, and lifetime hoarding and obsessive-compulsive symptoms were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0 in a random subsample of individuals (n = 2,963) participating in a cross-sectional survey of the adult general population of nine European countries, as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Results Lifetime hoarding symptoms were more common among individuals with childhood ADHD symptoms than those without ADHD symptoms (8.9% versus 2.7%, P = 0.024). Childhood inattention (but not hyperactivity) was associated with lifetime hoarding symptoms (OR = 6.04, 95% CI = 3.59-10.1) and this association remained significant after controlling for the presence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Conclusion Longitudinal studies are now needed to explore the hypothesis that inattention symptoms in childhood may be a precursor of hoarding difficulties later in life. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-748
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • attention-deficit hyperactivity
  • epidemiology
  • hoarding disorder
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder

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