© 2014 The British Infection Association. Objective: Performance of IFN-γ assays in children is compromised. Therefore, we investigated the utility of IP-10 for the detection of active tuberculosis (TB) and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) diagnosis in children; comparing its positivity with QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFN-G-IT) and T-SPOT.TB. Methods: We studied 230 children from three groups: active TB, screening (healthy children without known exposure to active TB patient screened at school or by their paediatrician) and contact-tracing studies. IFN-γ release was determined by QFN-G-IT and T-SPOT.TB. IP-10 was detected in QFN-G-IT supernatants by ELISA. Results: When combining QFN-G-IT and IP-10 assays, positive results improved significantly from 38.3% in QFN-G-IT and 33.9% in IP-10 to 41.3%. Age and type of contact were significant risk factors associated with positive QFN-G-IT and IP-10 results. IP-10 levels after antigen-specific stimulation were significantly higher in comparison to IFN-γ levels. Correlation between the three assays was good (. κ=0.717-0.783). Conclusions: IP-10 cytokine is expressed in response to TB specific-antigens used in QFN-G-IT. In conclusion, the use of IFN-γ T-cell based assays in combination with an additional IP-10 assay detection could be useful for diagnosing active TB and LTBI in children.