The fabrication of pH-sensitive ISFET devices in an unmodified two-metal commercial CMOS technology (1.0 m from Atmel-ES2) is reported. The ISFET devices have a gate structure compatible with the CMOS process, with an electrically floating electrode consisting on polysilicon plus the two metals. The passivation oxynitride layer acts as the pH-sensitive material in contact with the liquid solution. The devices have shown good operating characteristics, with a 47 mV/pH response. The use of a commercial CMOS process allows the straightforward integration of signal-processing circuitry. An ISFET amplifier circuit has been integrated with the ISFET sensors.
|Journal||Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Sep 1999|