Ion exchange on resins with temperature-responsive selectivity. IV. Influence of solution and column parameters on efficiency of reagentless separation of copper and zinc using thermo-induced concentration waves technique

Dmitri Muraviev, Ana Gonzalo, Nikolai A. Tikhonov, Maxim I. Iljin, Manuel Valiente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of solution and column parameters such as pH, ratio of metal ions and the height of resin bed on formation of the thermo-induced concentration waves (TICW) in the course of the thermostripping process of Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions from iminodiacetic resin Lewatit TP-207 has been studied. The formation of TICW is attributed by both different diffusivities of metal ions and the presence of the third (H+) ion in the system. This effect makes it possible to carry out a reagentless separation of metal ions by using either the metal depletion or metal concentration mode of operation. The efficiency of the TICW-based separation process by using the metal depletion mode appears to be the higher the lower relative concentration of metal ion under removal (slower diffusing ionic species). The mathematical model proposed allows for qualitative and quantitative description of thermostripping processes in a wide range of pH and solution compositions. The physical model of the TICW process proposed makes it possible to account for the influence of different process parameters and generalise the applicability of the TICW separation technique to the binary mixtures of any metal ions with different diffusivities. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-69
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume867
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Concentration waves, thermo-induced
  • Copper
  • Thermostripping
  • Zinc

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