Investigating domeyko that investigated the mapuche: The premises of the modern western culture behind the discourse of the other in araucania and its inhabitants

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Abstract

© 2018 University of Warsaw. All rights reserved. The article examines the premises behind the representation of the Mapuche from the end of the mid-nineteenth century, constructed by Ignacio Domeyko in his Araucania y sus habitants (as well as those presented by some of the critics of his work). Through a hermeneutic and contextualized critical analysis of the discourse it illustrates, based on a particular case, the problems studied by reflexive anthropology, critical with the positivist paradigm represented by Domeyko: that of the non-transparency of the researcher. It challenges the widespread notion that the book of the prominent Polish-Chilean scientist was a document of humanism and fraternity with the Mapuche, defending their rights and freedoms. It also challenges the perception of this book as a valuable source on the Mapuche culture, though at the same time it points to its importance as a source of information on the original culture of its author: the evangelizing catholicism, nationalism, the evolutionary logic and antiegalitarian and instrumentalist ethics of the economic thought, still so present in the Western culture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-191
JournalItinerarios
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Domeyko
  • Equality
  • Mapuche
  • Modern west
  • Otherness

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