© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Background Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is characterized by adverse ventricular remodeling attributed to altered activity of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP). MMP overactivation is linked to changes in extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), reportedly modulated by the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) receptor. The aim of this work was to compare the levels, membrane distribution and interactions of LRP1, ERK1,2 and MMP2/9 in control and IDCM myocardium.Methods Left ventricle samples from IDCM patients and control subjects were collected to analyze gene and protein expression by Real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. Fractions enriched in cholesterol, Flotillin-1 and Caveolin-3 (rafts) were isolated from the remaining membrane (non-rafts) by sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation. We assessed the formation of LRP1-ERK1,2 complexes and MMP activity by immunoprecipitation and zymography, respectively.Results In control myocardium, LRP1 was exclusively found in non-rafts while activation of ERK1,2 was preferentially detected in rafts. LRP1/p-ERK1,2 complexes were almost undetectable in rafts and non-rafts. In contrast, in IDCM myocardium, LRP1 moved to rafts and ERK1,2 activation was found in raft and non-raft fractions. Moreover, LRP1/p-ERK1,2 complexes were also found in both membrane fractions, although the amount was higher in non-rafts where MMP9 overactivation was exclusively detected.Conclusions The presented findings demonstrate a differential membrane compartmentalisation of ERK signaling in IDCM myocardium. The movement of LRP1 to rafts and the concomitant increase in non-raft-related ERK1,2/MMP9 activation may have crucial clinical implications in the progression of disease.
- Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
- Lipid rafts
- Membrane compartmentalisation