Intramuscular Martin-Gruber anastomosis

Marc Rodriguez-Niedenführ, Teresa Vazquez, Bartolome Ferreira, Ian Parkin, Lynette Nearn, Jose R. Sañudo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The incidence and morphology of the intramuscular Martin-Gruber anastomosis are presented based on the study of 118 human cadavers (55 male, 63 female). The Martin-Gruber anastomosis was found in 25 (21.2%) of the 118 cadavers. It occurred in 11 (20%) of the 55 male cadavers (4 bilateral, 7 unilateral; 5 left and 2 right) and in 14 (22.2%) of the 63 female cadavers (2 bilateral, 12 unilateral; 8 left and 4 right). Therefore, the Martin-Gruber anastomosis was found in 31 (13.1%) of the 236 upper limbs. According to a recent classification (Rodríguez-Niedenführ et al., 2000), pattern I was found in 29 cases (93.5%), corresponding to Type A in 13 (41.9%), Type B in 3 (9.7%) and Type C in 13 (41.9%), whereas pattern II was found in 2 cases (6.5%), both being a duplication of Type IC. Intramuscular Martin-Gruber anastomosis was a single anastomosis that originated in all cases from the anterior interosseous nerve (pattern IC) and then passed through a muscle bundle of the flexor digitorum profundus and behind the ulnar artery to join the ulnar nerve as a single connecting branch. It did not send branches to the flexor digitorum profundus, This intramuscular course was observed in 3 of the 13 cases of Type C anastomosis (23.1%) or 3 cases out of 31 Martin-Gruber anastomoses (10%). © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-138
JournalClinical Anatomy
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2002


  • Median nerve
  • Nerve anastomosis
  • Ulnar nerve


Dive into the research topics of 'Intramuscular Martin-Gruber anastomosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this