Intestinal sensitivity can be tested using transmucosal electrical nerve stimulation. The aim of this study was to establish the stimulus characteristics that determine perception. In six healthy subjects constant current electrical stimuli were applied via an intrajejunal bipolar electrode while measuring perception. Intensity-response tests with stimuli trains of various frequencies (5 and 100 Hz) and pulse durations (50 and 1000 μs) were performed. All stimuli within the broad range tested induced similar-type abdominal sensations, but the intensity of the stimuli to produce perception differed depending on both pulse duration and frequency. A 20-fold increase in pulse duration decreased the intensity of perceived stimuli by a factor of 0.34 ± 0.04 (P < 0.05); a similar increase in pulse frequency decreased the intensity by a 0.63 ± 0.07 factor (P < 0.05). When the frequency and duration concomitantly increased, the stimulus intensity decreased by the product of both factors (0.22 ± 0.04). Transmucosal electrical nerve stimulation of the intestine induces perception within a broad range of stimuli. However, the intensity of the stimuli required to activate sensory pathways is primarily weighted by the duration rather than by the frequency of the pulses. © 2006 The Authors.
|Journal||Neurogastroenterology and Motility|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2006|
- Abdominal symptoms
- Electrical nerve stimulation
- Gut afferents
- Gut perception