Interplay of Multiple Sediment Routing Systems Revealed by Combined Sandstone Petrography and Heavy Mineral Analysis (HMA) in the South Pyrenean Foreland Basin

Xavier Coll, Marta Roigé, David Gómez-Gras*, Antonio Teixell, Salvador Boya, Narcís Mestres

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Combined sandstone petrography and heavy mineral analysis allow to decipher different sediment routing systems that could not be resolved by one method alone in the South Pyrenean foreland basin. We apply this approach to deltaic and alluvial deposits of the southern part of the Jaca basin, and in the time equivalent systems of the nearby Ainsa and Ebro basins, in order to unravel the evolution of source areas and the fluvial drainage from the Eocene to the Miocene. Our study allows the identification of four petrofacies and five heavy-mineral suites, which evidence the interplay of distinct routing systems, controlled by the emergence of tectonic structures. Two distinct axially-fed systems from the east coexisted in the fluvial Campodarbe Formation of the southern Jaca basin that were progressively replaced from east to west by transverse-fed systems sourced from northern source areas. In the late stages of evolution, the Ebro autochthonous basin and the Jaca piggy-back basin received detritus from source areas directly north of the basin from the Axial Zone and from the Basque Pyrenees. Coupling sandstone petrography with heavy mineral provenance analysis allows challenging the existing model of the South Pyrenean sediment dispersal, highlighting the relevance of this approach in source-to-sink studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number262
JournalMinerals
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Heavy minerals
  • Jaca basin
  • Provenance
  • Pyrenees
  • Sandstone petrography
  • Sediment routing systems
  • South Pyrenean foreland

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