Interplay between YB-1 and IL-6 promotes the metastatic phenotype in breast cancer cells

Bàrbara Castellana, Trond Aasen, Gema Moreno-Bueno, Sandra E. Dunn, Santiago Ramón Cajal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) induces cell plasticity and promotes metastasis. The multifunctional oncoprotein Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) and the pleiotropic cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) have both been implicated in tumor cell metastasis and EMT, but via distinct pathways. Here, we show that direct interplay between YB-1 and IL-6 regulates breast cancer metastasis. Overexpression of YB-1 in breast cancer cell lines induced IL-6 production while stimulation with IL-6 increased YB-1 expression and YB-1 phosphorylation. Either approach was sufficient to induce EMT features, including increased cell migration and invasion. Silencing of YB-1 partially reverted the EMT and blocked the effect of IL-6 while inhibition of IL-6 signaling blocked the phenotype induced by YB-1 overexpression, demonstrating a clear YB-1/IL-6 interdependence. Our findings describe a novel signaling network in which YB-1 regulates IL-6, and vice versa, creating a positive feed-forward loop driving EMT-like metastatic features during breast cancer progression. Identification of signaling partners or pathways underlying this co-dependence may uncover novel therapeutic opportunities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38239-38256
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Breast cancer
  • Interleukin-6
  • Invasion
  • Migration
  • Y-box binding protein 1


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