Interplay between the NADP-linked thioredoxin and glutathione systems in Arabidopsis auxin signaling

Talaat Bashandy, Jocelyne Guilleminot, Teva Vernoux, David Caparros-Ruiz, Karin Ljung, Yves Meyer, Jean Philippe Reichheld

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    Abstract

    Intracellular redox status is a critical parameter determining plant development in response to biotic and abiotic stress. Thioredoxin (TRX) and glutathione are key regulators of redox homeostasis, and the TRX and glutathione pathways are essential for postembryonic meristematic activities. Here, we show by associating TRX reductases (ntra ntrb) and glutathione biosynthesis (cad2) mutations that these two thiol reduction pathways interfere with developmental processes through modulation of auxin signaling. The triple ntra ntrb cad2 mutant develops normally at the rosette stage, undergoes the floral transition, but produces almost naked stems, reminiscent of the phenotype of several mutants affected in auxin transport or biosynthesis. In addition, the ntra ntrb cad2 mutant shows a loss of apical dominance, vasculature defects, and reduced secondary root production, several phenotypes tightly regulated by auxin. We further show that auxin transport capacities and auxin levels are perturbed in the mutant, suggesting that the NTR-glutathione pathways alter both auxin transport and metabolism. Analysis of ntr and glutathione biosynthesis mutants suggests that glutathione homeostasis plays a major role in auxin transport as both NTR and glutathione pathways are involved in auxin homeostasis. © 2010 American Society of Plant Biologists.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)376-391
    JournalPlant Cell
    Volume22
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

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    Bashandy, T., Guilleminot, J., Vernoux, T., Caparros-Ruiz, D., Ljung, K., Meyer, Y., & Reichheld, J. P. (2010). Interplay between the NADP-linked thioredoxin and glutathione systems in Arabidopsis auxin signaling. Plant Cell, 22(2), 376-391. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.109.071225