Family history of atherosclerosis has been recognised as an nonmodifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Lipid levels, together with hypertension and diabetes, appear to have an inheritable component. The aim of the study was to ascertain whether lipoprotein abnormalities of 169 adult patients with non-coronary atherosclerosis were associated with a family history of atherosclerosis. Besides intermediate density lipopoprotein composition and Lp(a) levels, we focused on apo(a) and apo E phenotypes, LDL cholesterol/apo B ratio, VLDL triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio, and environmental factors. We found that patients with a family history of atherosclerosis had a higher prevalence of VLDL triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio above 1.8 (51.3% vs 34.7%) than patients without. Similarly, there was a significant inverse correlation between both considered ratios (r = - 0.24, p < 0.05). The odds ratio of the presence of both abnormal ratios (4.60, 95% CI, 1.41-15.00) and low molecular weight apo(a) isoforms (3.30, 95% CI, 1.05-10.30 and family history of atherosclerosis was independent of smoking and hypertension. Apo(a) isoform size seems to be more important than Lp(a) concentrations in the family history of atherosclerosis risk determination. Subsequent analysis showed that patients with a family history of atherosclerosis had a greater-than-fourfold increased risk of having one or both abnormal ratios reflecting metabolic disturbances which probably constitute a combined trait. Family history of atherosclerosis may constitute a specific lipoprotein-related marker of atherosclerosis. Such a marker often precedes the onset of overt disease and may contribute to identifying patients with an atherogenic lipoprotein profile even in the absence of classical lipid risk factors.
|Journal||Clinica Chimica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Aug 1997|
- LDL subclasses
- Lipoprotein (a)