© 2019 Elsevier B.V. This manuscript presents a voltammetric biosensing study with use of molecularly imprinted polymers to detect histamine in wine. Polymer beads were synthesized by standard precipitation polymerization method and implemented on the electrode surface via sol-gel immobilization. Scanning and confocal microscopy examinations permitted characterizing the material. Adsorptive stripping voltammetry in differential mode was the technique chosen for final application, selecting an enrichment time of 5 min. These conditions permitted a limit of detection of 0.19 μg mL−1 (1.0 μM), with a linear response range from 0.5 to 6.0 μg mL−1 (2.71–32.4 μM). The repeatability of the measurements was 4.6% relative standard deviation (n = 12). Principal component analysis showed the ability of the prepared receptor for discriminating other biogenic amines and potential interfering species. A final application, illustrating the determination of histamine, was completed to show agreement of results between the fluorimetric reference method and the proposed electrochemical approach.
- Blogenic amines
- COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN
- Molecularly imprinted polymer
- SOLID-PHASE EXTRACTION