Integrated climate governance in regions? Assessing Catalonia's performance using the 'climate learning ladder'

J. D. Tàbara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


While developing climate change policies, regional governments and agents may have different purposes, follow different strategies, and use different appraisal procedures than those of national governments or other regions within the same countries. Climate change adds an additional source of problematisation to the functioning of traditional nation-states structures, not only at the international level but also with regard to their relations with sub-national agencies. This paper tests this hypothesis by analysing the emergence of climate strategies and capacities in region of Catalonia, north-east Spain, through the use of a novel integrated assessment tool called the 'climate learning ladder' that looks at four main dimensions: (1) how perceptions on climate change have evolved in this region since the beginning of the 1990s, (2) what type of incentives or systems of sanctions have triggered climate action, (3) what specific options are available or have been developed, and (4) what new institutional arrangements have been put in place during this time. Results indicate that although in Catalonia distinctive climate appraising processes have been tried, new measures have been implemented and new institutions have been created, not much of a distinctive progress regarding Integrated Climate Governance (ICG) has been achieved. Furthermore, this research shows that so far the main incentives which triggered climate action and innovation have been largely exogenous to the region. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-270
JournalRegional Environmental Change
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011


  • Catalonia
  • Climate learning ladder
  • Integrated Climate Governance (ICG)


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